The Oak Grove Schoolhouse is located in rural Lincoln Township, Neosho County, Kansas, four miles north and five and one-half miles east of Parsons, and about eight miles south of St. Paul.
Prior to the Civil War, this area was occupied by the Osage, with the town of St. Paul being known at that time as Osage Mission. In September 1865, the Osage signed a treaty with the U.S. government, ceding their lands in the Neosho River valley and moving to a new reservation southwest of Independence. Shortly thereafter the vacated lands surrounding the Neosho River were opened to pioneer settlement.
Erected in 1877, the Oak Grove School was built from native sandstone, quarried just a short distance from the school site. Truly a “little house on the prairie”, this one-room schoolhouse served as a school, a church, and as a local community gathering place for the residents of rural Lincoln Township until the early 1960’s.
Adjacent to the school is the Oak Grove Cemetery. The cemetery was founded just prior to the building of the school. Buried here are many who were original pioneer settlers on the Kansas prairie, several of whom were also veterans of the Civil War. Many of those who either attended or taught at the school over the years are buried in the cemetery, as well as the original land owners who donated the land upon which the school and cemetery reside.